Trails to the Past

North Dakota

Burleigh County

 

 

 

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Burleigh County was organized in 1873. It was named for Dr. Walter Burleigh. Burleigh was a physician, Indian agent, trader and delegate to the 39th & 40th Congress. Dr. Burleigh was born in Waterville, Maine in 1820. Dr. Burleigh was an ardent Republican and strong supporter of Abe Lincoln's campaign for President in 1861. Through his support of Lincoln and his strong political ties, Burleigh was named Indian Agent of Dakota Territory (Yankton S.D.). His tenure as Indian Agent was noted for graft, corruption, and nepotism. With his election as a delegate to Congress Burleigh was able to control all Federal patronage to the territory.

The railroad brought Dr. Burleigh to this area, as he was awarded the contract to grade the N.P. Railroad from 50 miles east of Bismarck to the River. Dr. Burleigh used his personal knowledge of where the railroad would cross the river, and established a town Burleighton. The Railroad, disliking this use of inside info and because of the lowland flats approximately a mile and a half to two miles south of present Bismarck - flooded each spring, ordered the rail line to be moved to the bluffs where it presently is and through what quickly became Bismarck. The railroad line was completed to Bismarck June 5, 1873.

Burleigh was a transportation hub. Until the railroad reached Montana, Bismarck was a primary port of call for river boats carrying cargo from St. Louis to Fort Benton, Mont. Bismarck became a center of long lines of stagecoaches and supply wagons in all directions.

 In 1873 until 1875 Burleigh County Court House rented the building it operated out of. In 1875, the Commission went to the people to obtain $20,000 to build a courthouse and jail. The original courthouse was built on the same location that the present courthouse occupies. The jail was erected with logs.

 

The county seat of Burleigh County is Bismarck.  The cities are as follows:   Bismarck, Lincoln, Regan, and Wing.  The unincorporated communities are those of Baldwin, Driscoll, Mckenzie, Menoken, Moffit, and Sterling

 

Townships

Apple Creek

Boyd

Canfield

Christiania

Clear Lake

Crofte

Cromwell

Driscoll

Ecklund

Estherville

Florence Lake

Francis

Ghylin

Gibbs

Glenview

Grass Lake

Harriet Lien

Hay Creek

Hazel Grove

Logan

Long Lake

McKenzie

Menoken

Missouri

Moffit

Morton

Naughton

Painted Woods

Richmond

Rock Hill

Schrunk

Sibley Butte

Steiber

Sterling

Taft

Telfer

Thelma

Trygg

Wild Rose

Wilson

Wing

 

On Line Data

Adjacent Counties
Sheridan County (north)
Kidder County (east)

Emmons County (south)
Morton County (southwest)
Oliver County (west)
McLean County (northwest)

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